On the evening of February 15th 1942, the commander of the British forces in Singapore, Lieut. General Arthur Ernest Percival, surrendered the city to General Tomoyuki Yamashita of the Imperial Japanese Army. This was the greatest military disaster in the British history since the Charge of Light Bridge some eighty years before.
Hubris foreshadowed these final days: the British garrison on the island ignored the dangers of a Japanese attack from land. The result: a quick capitulation that shattered the myth of the Western invincibility and the above surrender in a ramshackle Ford Motor factory.*
It was performed with pithy precision: Yamashita asked, “All I wanted to know is, are our terms accpetable or not? Do you or do you not surrender unconditionally? Yes or no?”. The reply was a monosyllabic ‘yes’. (Yamashita noted that he wanted to speak kindly, but was unable to express his sympathy through an interpreter). Within hours, Percival with 120,000 others were in prison camps.
Sir Ernest Percival survived the camps to see the final surrender of Japan on the U.S.S. Missouri. Yamashita was hanged as a war criminal.
* As I blog this, I am just a few minutes away from the site, staying as I am in a hotel in Singapore.
4 thoughts on “The Surrender of Singapore”
I think you’ll find it was a brigade not a bridge that did the charging.
Presumably you are near Fort Siloso. The museum there is very well presented.
The Japanese got what they deserved with “The Bomb”; after the horrible and inhuman atrocities
they committed on thousands of troops, and innocent people. Apparently , they were “jolted” back to reality
[…] campaign for two months before he was evacuated from Singapore as the colony surrendered (producing another slew of memorable images) to Batavia. The Japanese army followed him, and two weeks later, he was forced to retreat again as […]