Iconic Photos

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Krakatoa Explodes

with 9 comments

Since Eyjafjallajökull is grounding me and providing thousands of people in Northern Hemisphere with the Icelandic volcano excuse for flaking out on their commitments, I thought I would just lay in bed and blog. This explosion is not even the biggest (Volcanic Explosively Index of probably 2 to 3) we have seen.

In May 1883, after having been dormant for more than two centuries, the volcano of Krakatoa in Indonesia erupted — and kept on erupting for another 4 months. The explosions peaked with four blasts on the 26th and 27th August, when the above picture was taken. One of the explosions — heard 3500 miles away from Perth and Mauritius and considered the loudest sound ever made in history — had the force of 100.000 hydrogen bombs and created an acoustical equivalent of an earthquake. (Every barograph in the world ducumented this wave, which bounced back and forth between the eruption site and its antipodes for nine days).

The island itself sank into water, unleashing tsunamis that reached 10 miles inland and killed more than 36,000 people. The waves travelled at the speed up to a 350 miles per hour and reached height of 135 feet, and were detected even in the English Channel. Twenty cubic kilometers of ash were erupted some thirty kilometres creating “blue suns” and “orange moons” in Europe and North America. It cooled the global temperatures by 1.2 degrees C in five years that followed.

The explosions were one of the first photographically recorded natural disasters. Spectacular sunsets and cloud formations were painted by artists all over the world, including Edvard Munch who painted the celebrated The Scream. The Royal Society formed Krakatoa Committee and invited responses from the public. They received “wagonloads” of material for their 494-page report, two-thirds of which was devoted to unusual visual phenomena of the atmosphere. A lithographic copy of the above photo was included in their final report in 1888.

Written by Alex Selwyn-Holmes

April 18, 2010 at 6:46 pm

Posted in Industries

Tagged with , ,

9 Responses

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  1. Is it true that Atlantis was in Sunda strait before? 🙂
    It’s just a hundred kilometers from Jakarta here.

    We Indonesian spell it ‘Kra (just like in crunch) – ka (just like in ‘cup’) – tau (just like ‘Tao’)’

    Rizky Syaiful

    April 21, 2010 at 4:45 am

  2. Isn’t that really cool. I am doing a social studies report on the volcanic eruption of Krakatoa. The date I have to research is August 26/27, 1883. Please help me if you have any resources. Thank You for your help!
    :0-{-<

    hello dolly

    April 27, 2010 at 1:55 pm

  3. […] Krakatoa Explodes « Iconic Photos – In May 1883, after having been dormant for more than two centuries, the volcano of Krakatoa in Indonesia erupted — and kept on erupting for another 4 months. The explosions peaked with four blasts on the 26th and 27th August, … […]

  4. […] Krakatoa Explodes « Iconic Photos – In May 1883, after having been dormant for more than two centuries, the volcano of Krakatoa in Indonesia erupted — and kept on erupting for another 4 months. The explosions peaked with four blasts on the 26th and 27th August, … […]

  5. […] Krakatoa Explodes « Iconic Photos – In May 1883, after having been dormant for more than two centuries, the volcano of Krakatoa in Indonesia erupted — and kept on erupting for another 4 months. The explosions peaked with four blasts on the 26th and 27th August, … […]

  6. […] Krakatoa Explodes « Iconic Photos – In May 1883, after having been dormant for more than two centuries, the volcano of Krakatoa in Indonesia erupted — and kept on erupting for another 4 months. The explosions peaked with four blasts on the 26th and 27th August, … […]

  7. […] Krakatoa Explodes « Iconic Photos – In May 1883, after having been dormant for more than two centuries, the volcano of Krakatoa in Indonesia erupted — and kept on erupting for another 4 months. The explosions peaked with four blasts on the 26th and 27th August, … […]

  8. You you should edit the post name title Krakatoa Explodes Iconic Photos to something more better for your webpage you make. I loved the blog post however.

    Summer Camps

    October 30, 2010 at 2:58 am

  9. this volcano is cool but did the peopel die that was on the volcano . photos are cool i love them. and put some more better photos.And when the volcano erupt take more photos that are better. love, faith Home october 30,2011 at 4;57

    faith

    October 30, 2011 at 9:02 pm


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